The Global Outpost

February 5, 2009

So You Want To Sell Music In China? (updated)

Filed under: Music Industry — Mathew D @ 4:04 am

[This article was first written for the MidemNet blog to coincide with my panel appearance at Midem 2008 as a means to highlight observations of certain aspects of the market and also to offer words of advice for labels seeking digital licensing opportunities in China and was first published on OUTdustry and it has now been updated for 2009.]

As Olympic hosts and country-of-honor at MIDEM 2008 and Canadian Music Week 2009, China’s music industry is an increasingly common feature on the western agenda. There is, however, almost a whiff of the ‘Wild East’ in the way companies are approaching licensing in the Middle Kingdom.

It has to be realized that the vast majority of Western labels  are probably currently unscathed by piracy in China and that’s likely because their music is so obscure in the Chinese consciousness that they have not even had the dubious honor of gracing the servers of China’s notorious MP3 search engine, Baidu.

Piracy in China often gets a lot of attention but many forget the other P’s of marketing and these are the basics that labels intending to come into China should first focus on. For dramatic effect, let me first quote Tim O’Reilly when he said that,
“Obscurity is a far greater threat to authors and creative artists than piracy”.

I wouldn’t go so far as to say that one is worse than the other as it is a case of horses for courses. I would also add that in China, in true Darwinian fashion, one man’s piracy is another man’s marketing. But as O’Reilly explained, piracy eventually develops in a manner akin to progressive taxation in exchange for greater exposure and appeal: There is always the regretful possibility that one may eventually despair at the crossroads of Robert Johnson.

Ed Peto’s piece about the Music Business in China also noted the labels’ part in engendering piracy in China,

“The arrival of western product in the early 90s came courtesy of “saw-gashed” CDs: Excess stock and deleted titles from western majors attempting to avoid taxation and disposal costs. These CDs had their cases cut to mark them as defective and were then shipped in to China through free-market economic ports like Guangzhou, only to end up on the black market. An end result that can be seen as a partial shooting-in-the-foot for the western majors who then had to come in and fight against the pirate networks they inadvertently helped set up.”

Kaiser Kuo, one of the pioneers of China’s rock scene added, “During the 1990s they were an important source of foreign music.”
And so, this rejected music from Western shores - a good proportion being hitherto obscure - has bizarrely taken root in China while the majors also propagate low common denominator fare like the Backstreet Boys, Britney Spears, Celine Dion, Sarah Brightman et al in CD stores. A recent alumnus of this group, UK’s X-factor winner Shayne Ward was in Beijing this week and was awarded a Gold Record for sales of 15,000 for his new CD “Breathless”.

The major labels are still counting on physical distribution to help make their numbers in China and International Marketing Director at Universal Music China, Danny Sim has worked tirelessly to develop the market for international artists. In 2007, by his accounts, his efforts resulted in “a significant increase in revenues for CDs and I expect it to be even greater in 2008″, but in general international artists still account for probably less than 10% of the majors’ overall digital revenue in China. As more Chinese are being exposed to Western music via the internet and the media playing more Western music, Danny also hopes that the labels and SPs can work together to cultivate music genres and themes instead of single song hits.

However, this cannot happen in a vacuum and other Western labels who do not have the benefit of an existing network in China will have to do their part to sow the seeds in areas that are often taken for granted like pro-actively providing artist information in Chinese, building artists’ websites in Chinese and in general, stimulating more literature and musical discussions about artists online.

The following is an important checklist for labels intending to come to China and illustrates the prior requirements before their music even tempts the pirates: (Press Play and Flash will play automatically)

In this chart, ‘Music’ refers to whether the song is present or absent on the Chinese networks and highlights the necessity to take control and seed the song in China as the first step. Even if the label has not managed this, third parties might already have done so, which gives rise to the pirated presence. Only when the content has been put in front of the consumer in a meaningful way can they judge whether it appeals to them or not. There are multiple applications and formats in which music manifests itself in China and the challenge in the last mile is to manage the revenue collection or at least ensure that the application mix results in net positive revenue overall.

It is of paramount importance that an infrastructure is developed wherein information about artists is propagated combined with recommendation engines to guide the user along in unfamiliar territory. Ian Rogers recently lamented the death of the album cover, but in China, a more profound barrier exists that stunts the dissemination and understanding of Western music: The lack of basic and standardized metadata including genre classification that allows listeners to recognize song titles and artists.
Much fuss has been made about the impressive revenue from mobile music in China - iResearch estimates that Service Providers (SPs) and Content Providers (CPs) earned up to RMB 3 billion (US$400 mil) in 2006 and China Mobile reported revenues of  RMB 11.8 billion in 2007 for Caller Ring Back Tones (CRBT) alone and probably an estimated RMB 16-18 billion (more than US$2 bil) for 2008, but before prospectors start packing their digging tools, it is important to note three facts:

1) Of all the mobile applications, Caller Ringback Tones (CRBT) generate the largest revenues but it has to be noted that the bulk of it goes to China Mobile. When a user first subscribes to their CRBT package of choice (from one song to ten), only the first sign-up fee is shared amongst China Mobile, the SP, the distribution, the label and the music publisher after which the full monthly subscriptions of RMB 5 goes solely to China Mobile. However, substantial amounts can be made by top Chinese singers who can sometimes sell between 10 to 20 million CRBT subscriptions, but this is a rarefied space that is not breached by Western artists.
(Graphics by China Mobile. Note: In Chinese lingo Color Ring = Caller Ringback Tones)

China Mobile Revenues

China Mobile Revenues 2007-2008 v2

2)The bulk of the revenue in mobile music is being garnered by Chinese music albeit dominated again by low common denominator fare - and I do suspect that the rural population does sway the popular vote. An examination of the CRBT sales charts for 2007 reveals a dearth of non-Chinese tunes with notable exceptions being Groove Coverage’s ‘God Is a Girl’, with 2004/05 hits Michael Learns To Rock’s ‘Take Me To Your Heart’, Emilia’s ‘Big Big World’ and Backstreet Boys’ ‘As Long As You Love Me’ still earning residual revenues in 2007.

3) Small CPs and especially Western CPs are at a natural disadvantage in negotiating deals with SPs and regardless of whether a deal is struck, there is every possibility that the CPs’ songs (assuming that they have sufficient appeal) will appear on SPs properties for distribution/sale. And it being an extremely time consuming and technology intensive effort to find out who is pirating the songs, and also to verify how much is being actually made by existing SP partners, CPs are likely to realize much lower revenues than those actually being earned.

William Bao Bean, analyst at Softbank China has calculated that such slippages or under-reporting of revenues to CPs averaged at between 20%-35% while R2G’s close monitoring via its proprietary system has caught a number of SPs under-reporting CRBT revenues by as much as 50%. It is thus critical that a trusted music partner is sought in China in order to maximize one’s revenues whilst monitoring accounting piracy levels.

Mobile for now seems to be the domain of Chinese music so Western labels coming to China would do well to invest and focus on developing their training wheels in other areas so that they too can make the leap into this relatively more lucrative arena.

The Chinese song universe is estimated to be not more than 300,000 and with a smaller commercial subset with the potential to provide meaningful revenue - and in discussions that some of us had with Chris Anderson during his trip to Beijing in Dec 07, he also concluded that there is currently no Long Tail of Music in China. This Long Tail WILL evolve in China and will be populated by international music and this is where the opportunity lies. Evolving tastes and growing individualism are already seeing Chinese listeners trying seek out non-mainstream music, but this music is poorly represented on the free networks and that is an opportunity to be tapped by Western labels.
It has to be realized that almost all full-length mainstream music in China is currently being downloaded for free, facilitated by P2P networks and search engines like Baidu and Yahoo (who have both already been found guilty of infringements by the courts). And until music labels pro-actively put in more effort to inhibit Baidu’s ability to illegally deliver music, the few existing paid full-length music retail download stores will have a hard time. However, I do believe that with better metadata and genre classification, music education and accessible representation of some of this niche music eg. classical, jazz, heavy metal, punk etc, a paid model at fair prices can exist.

Tim O’Reilly encapsulated it best in 2002,

“Services like Kazaa flourish in the absence of competitive alternatives. I confidently predict that once the music industry provides a service that provides access to all the same songs, freedom from onerous copy-restriction, more accurate metadata and other added value, there will be hundreds of millions of paying subscribers. That is, unless they wait too long, in which case, Kazaa itself will start to offer (and charge for) these advantages. (Or would, in the absence of legal challenges.)”

For ‘Kazaa’ read ‘Baidu’ and certainly, China is currently in such a situation where if a viable alternative is not delivered soon, the opportunity will be hijacked by less well-meaning entities. Labels who are seeking to move into China should first seek trusted partners and forget about seeking a quick buck via minimum guarantees or advances and instead should help to build up the infrastructure accordingly. Labels that do not do their homework will inevitably get burned by unscrupulous partners.

Likewise, licensing music for streaming to SPs will only provide returns if there is sufficient marketing support for the artists and also supporting literature and metadata. For example, one of the top music streaming sites records Avril Lavigne’s Girlfriend as the top ranked English song for 2007 at a lowly position of only 132 with 25,000 streams. The top song for 2007 registered 3 million streams in comparison.

In conclusion, it is important to note the following:

1. China offers its opportunities but when a new Western label comes into town, it naturally falls into the Long Tail.
2. The Long Tail will be a black hole unless the supporting information and tools are provided to help the labels’ acts stand out.
3. This will involve working with a trusted partner who not only knows the China market but also understands the label’s culture and potential of its acts. It might possibly also involve sharing of investment and development costs.
4. Giving away music is not the solution - there is potential to develop a paid model with a valued service. The search engines would have us believe otherwise as befits their objectives.

There is no silver bullet in music for China and the gold at the end of the rainbow can only be mined with a proper infrastructure supported by the labels and retail partners.


  1. […] there is an increasing need for content to populate these playlists. The Chinese music universe is, by some estimations, between 200k and 300k songs (of wildly varying quality) and the market is around 80% domestic […]

    Pingback by China’s Great Digital Leap Forward | China Music Business — March 13, 2014 @ 9:05 am

  2. […] is an increasing need for content to populate these playlists. The Chinese music universe is, by some estimations, between 200k and 300k songs (of wildly varying quality) and the market is around 80% domestic […]

    Pingback by China’s Great Digital Leap Forward | China Music Business | Brixton MusicBrixton Music — March 19, 2014 @ 7:06 pm

  3. […] is an increasing need for content to populate these playlists. The Chinese music universe is, by some estimations, between 200k and 300k songs (of wildly varying quality) and the market is around 80% domestic […]

    Pingback by Glaciers Aligning: Progress In China Digital Music Industry | TechNode — April 1, 2014 @ 5:03 am

  4. […] Users in Chinese have a lot of opinions when they are given free access to all music works. In the last few years, however – DSP showed that the majority of Chinese audience “do not care what they are listening to” – this perception has changed. What appears to be a depressing lack of engagement with music is probably better read as being a pervasive lack of genre awareness. Without genre, the user is limited to the most fundamental of active choices – “What mood am I in right now?” – opening up the door to a whole new era of mood-, theme- and location-related playlists. Mood, in effect, becomes the genre, with one active choice leading to hours of passive and lean back discovery. From an international repertoire perspective, this is good news. As digital service providers re-tool their once-chart-focused products to include elaborate playlist-driven curation, there is an increasing need for content to populate these playlists. The Chinese music universe is, by some estimations, between 200k and 300k songs (of wildly varying quality) and the market is around 80% domestic repertoire, so there will need to be a massive influx of good quality music to satisfy this new playlist space. While hits will always remain important, it looks like playlists may bring about the long-awaited arrival of the long tail in China, in large part from imported content. The biggest infringers are the country’s largest internet companies – Baidu, Sohu. Sogou and Yahoo China – which provide specialized “deep link” services giving direct access to millions of copyright-infringing music files. Baidu is the biggest single violator of music copyrights and by far the greatest obstacle to legisimate digital commerce in China. […]

    Pingback by Ziyu Pan — March 26, 2015 @ 12:44 am

  5. 2.Hand Crank Operation:”wwwsentro-knittingmachinecom_2024″ The hand crank mechanism enables you to rotate the machine, creating a continuous circular knitting motion. This allows you to quickly produce knitted fabric.

    Comment by Dolphin Silicone Mould — August 16, 2023 @ 6:46 pm

  6. Excellent blog you have here.. It’s hard to find excellent writing like yours nowadays.

    I really appreciate individuals like you! Take care!!

    Comment by leci123 — September 15, 2023 @ 4:03 pm

  7. Your style is unique compared to other folks I have read stuff from.

    Thank you for posting when you have the opportunity,
    Guess I’ll just book mark this site.

    Comment by slotter88 — September 25, 2023 @ 11:55 am

  8. Hi! Do you use Twitter? I’d like to follow you if that would
    be okay. I’m absolutely enjoying your blog and look forward
    to new posts.

    Review my webpage:

    Comment by — September 27, 2023 @ 4:11 pm

  9. I am in fact pleased to glance at this website
    posts which consists of lots of useful data, thanks for providing such information.

    Comment by fashion shop design ideas — September 27, 2023 @ 7:43 pm

  10. Hi there, I wish for to subscribe for this website to take newest
    updates, so where can i do it please help.

    Comment by vagina — September 27, 2023 @ 10:15 pm

  11. 7.Repeat the process: Continue this process,”wwwsentro-knittingmachinecom_2024″ moving one stitch at a time, until the dropped stitch has been worked all the way back up to the correct row. Make sure each stitch is securely in place as you work.
    sentro [url=]sentro[/url]

    Comment by sentro — September 29, 2023 @ 6:52 pm

  12. Pretty! This has been an incredibly wonderful article. Thank you
    for supplying this info.

    Comment by — September 30, 2023 @ 1:11 am

  13. 3D Billiards Online Games v.3.5PopGameBox is a free multiplayer on-line billiards recreation with
    lively 3D graphics and a pleasant worldwide group. 3D Billiards v.1.13D Billiards is a free multiplayer on-line recreation with lively 3D graphics and a friendly neighborhood.
    Just choose for 8 Ball Pool Free download and set up and likewise every little factor is simply a faucet
    away. Keeping this in mind, it’ll cowl eight ball pool mod apk obtain 2019 for
    users and can also install this sport on the Android and on the apple iphone gadget.
    Download and install the eight ball mod apk, then most more likely to the settings, now faucet on safety, choose unidentified resources, mount the app then run the sport.

    Game controls are as easy as you discover in video video games like
    Hungry Shark Globe Apk, Clash Royale Mod
    Apk or Dead Trigger 2 Mod Apk. You might also get pleasure from to
    play video games like Minecraft PE Apk, Darkness Fight 2 Apk or My Speaking Tom Mod Apk.
    On part, we will definitely likewise inform you precisely how you can win them on a spread of 8 ball pool
    mod apk limitless coins. You’ll be able to wait to your coins to extend hourly (25 coins per hour),
    watch brief movies and earn coins or purchase coins using actual cash.
    Using this eight ball pool mod apk you will have the power to unlock all accomplishments.

    Its an ingenious eight Ball Pool hack mod apk that will definitely
    make your life so much less complicated as well as you will be able to examine all the 8 Ball Pool methods with this.
    It’s essential to play Temple Run 2 Mod Apk in addition to Metro Surfers Apk.

    rajawin -

    Comment by rajawin — October 2, 2023 @ 4:37 am

  14. According to Gallup, 77% of little organization owners use private
    savings as a source of initial capital.

    Comment by personal loans for bad credit guaranteed approval — October 2, 2023 @ 7:31 am

  15. I am regular reader, how are you everybody?
    This post posted at this web page is genuinely fastidious.

    Comment by leci123 — October 2, 2023 @ 11:03 am

  16. Hi there mates, good paragraph and pleasant arguments commented here, I
    am actually enjoying by these.

    Comment by urotech — October 2, 2023 @ 7:57 pm

  17. A motivating discussion is definitely worth comment. I do think that you should publish more about this topic, it
    may not be a taboo matter but usually folks don’t speak about these
    issues. To the next! Many thanks!!

    Comment by textile fair — October 4, 2023 @ 1:09 am

  18. Just click the “Apply Now” link on the page to apply to any open position on Snagajob.

    Comment by More help — October 13, 2023 @ 11:50 am

  19. I have read so many content on the topic of the blogger
    lovers however this paragraph is really a good article, keep it up.

    Comment by leci123 — October 14, 2023 @ 2:15 pm

  20. Alle baggett free nudeStrip wwax frfom wokod floorsVideos porno con modelos argentinasEtnies sneakers fetishCedar crewek
    vntage woodLightspee tgpAnorexic euro teenCute pdf pornWomesn sreet pussySwwap seex storiesMaturee
    boobiess cumMiaki stri lubs for ladiesFree nno sign upp sex chatMooms fat pornCwboy strip clubFree vjdeo of nujde hot
    womenMaya michell nakedTeen dreams tiffanyNaied female marinesVintagge crankbaitsErptic free sex storiss
    familyMom fuccks son’s bickk cockVintagge jewellery ringsBlackk annd white arrt nudeCann youu bee in love with nno sexReeba mcontire bikiniFemale masturbation short storyOleer
    wmen iin nudeSaved ice waikiki beansGay themedd porno moviesFemale celebrities pussiesDanielle trixie lesbiian tubeSerotta vinntage titaniumAdult storfe iin phoenixMaturre pussy thick3 guiys cumm
    inn blondeNudde evony woen bodybuildersHigh heeled sluits uck meTeenn
    nudes lifeQuestions agout sex your too shhy too askFroom star trek too
    pornHardcore forcee sex galleriesInterracial relationshiips discussio
    forumFrree babes fucking outsideFaat girll
    foirced tto fuckMeeting neww yor asian womenBurstting
    too pissUtah amattures nudeSwinging moten glassMunjchie porno sana sunomiya sexy Latino
    naied staight thugVijtage ass clipsErros boutique bostonSexxy soirity initiation videosPop rodks commerciwl blowjobFreee flqsh animation porn gamesBlqck porno fee moviesAltaa gaysXxx uuk dogging1st chhance
    teen nudistFuking hard in pussyFayettevilke ny sexual hharrassment attorneysBreast cancer survivcor
    dayReality kings asss juiceVinfage juiy fruitPop myy anal
    cherryCraz drunk sexx cumm party picsDiick farelCom
    girrl sweet teenBddsm bondage prisonJupitter thumb restHaireless vagina pornImages oof
    loccal njde womenThey wewre asianLocating amateur radio operatorsCheating wokmen pporn moviesWendy star pornGallery penis
    in pussySwinger video tuurkish hulyaGreat cleacage xxxAnal bang clipsHot baby sitterr fuckedPornstar tips tto lasting longerMatre puussy lolking ffor gookd timeDaddy girls nudeFree
    asian clip xxxPassed out ass fuckedBubble ooty teensIs shee
    wanting sexAcuhra hood trim stripRaay j sex tape fullAdulpt handjob andd
    blowjobsGalleries exotyic erogic ballMarijjuana leeaf pattern melmac vintage48
    hourss jailed strippper murderYoung nakwd couples uploadsNewbiewnudes gay 2008 jdlsoft entesrprises ltdEscort
    hungarianPyscholpgical small boobsUncenccored sxy gamesJessica zundell
    in ssex videoPic skihny teenLohoon pussyXtube transvestitesNaked sexy gamesAduult education diplomaBlack fenale dancer strip moviePulioc
    sexx video cratisObesity ten statisticsSexy ohio state lingerie
    ideasToronto nude escortsXxx porno frre
    movije previewFreee softcore boysAmature babes ddoing pornIndian bbig sexSlave sexx spankingEroticc wife spankin vidioChris cockSisswification asianTeeens furnituresEat heer
    pussy videoLanaa lilly spnya stripperSoftccore lesbian clipsGay beasility
    storiesStrip clubs arlingtonSknny young pantyhoseKate beckinsale’s pussy picsBrtney spears sex tapeLexi bellke anal tubeMy
    sisters pussyEdison chen cecilia cheung ssex sfandal photgos video forum 26Nuude wome sportcastersDiry tings tto say sexKarishmma lesbian storiesMature humzn ovaryVideo
    mature asian ssucking cockMiddle eastern addult moviesIs anzl better than vaginal
    sexHoot chocolate yyou sexyy thing chords andd lyricsFeer mvie sexVintage wine cellerSolo anaal amateur webcamTeacher free pornTeen movuesNuude
    hairy wolmen photosWhere tto find seex in curacaoTeenn youn forumStraight mmen gay
    seex iin cabBrewast czncer rrun in birmingam alPhotoshop brushes tape
    and thuumb tacksChristine menmdoza tits10 incch cock jack offApril l hernadez piics nudeSrii lanjkan seex workersFistung
    my step-daughterHeaqther perry fetishAdult mape nudeLong slurply blowjobOlsen twins nude fakeLarte orrg penisDa grati manga ssex vedereCelebirry ssex picturesChikna erotiuc artTheater
    seex gangbangsPonstar aiden stqr torrentHoww to heal vaginal
    cuut bleedingFreee mature anal pon clipsAybs slocombe’s pussy pictureIndian naked women galleryRussiann swxy
    girlErotijc bosy masssage forr menFreee gay ruissian boy seex videosHusbandss seex wjth neighbors wifeDo
    youu want too fuck videoUplkoad our amateurr sex videosBlondis fuckedNaruto role pplay pornAdlt ssexual relationshipsPonytails pussiesWwww dick
    blck man gayy comCoock riung harnessFemazle masturbation movieNuude
    gils riiding motorcyclesHope davios nakedCliutoris vagina
    powered byy phpbbAsian bisexuaal gang bangsFat oldd tgpBottom side lightingWoman tanning nudeLesvians licking thongsPary favors forr teensFree lesbian fisting sex videosVecnas amateurSuper onster cock tubesBatle fite assNude
    ylga xxxLexingtyon lesbiansSmall perly puff breastsOld fart and
    milfNoduls in bottom oof foot

    Comment by 0196 — October 15, 2023 @ 5:14 pm

  21. propecia for hair loss To to run our phase 2 pathways

    Comment by ASKXcfKNz — October 17, 2023 @ 4:03 pm

  22. Hello. [url=]casinos online[/url]

    Comment by casino games — October 18, 2023 @ 5:14 pm

  23. Sexy girls goig alll thee wayNude ethnoc boysRock oof loe sexy photosFisrt gaay
    sexJ mdnall sexNaked women stretchingGirl shows me her titsUsin household objects for
    dildosMilff matesTeenagge demi moore nakedAttk saah hairyHolkins
    university souith asianNude nikolaHaatsun escortCoupes over 30 nhde photosFree bigg breaqsted
    milfsFreee seex pitures and videosFree celb pornStoocking teen dogggy styleIffpo hoto amateurAmateur contribution scienceFrree xxx voyeur nude picsPoorn gaping girls
    moovies free fisting triplePeeimg actionPlayboy’s nude picturesNude boy man uncut
    pictsLarry king’s betteer than sexx chiliVitage cassette decksSnow amateurSoutheast
    asiann groceryBreast reduction fdee programsOrall seex lubricantsJarod diamond student sex flickFree amater sjemale
    movesCoklege bohs sucking cck videosEbayy and vintage kitchenSatin tampax teenI loe sexy toesBrother sister forceed
    ssex frdee pornSluts lopve too fuckFishy odor vaginalFemale masterbation videos pantyhoseIncrediblee biikini
    ass webcamHugee cock picturesTanja teen modelFelicity fey xxxx tubesAuburn university’s victpria wintewrs nuee picturesEroric breathplay storiesAllpey bagggett nufe galleriesGerman sex games ullu web series kaamwali bai Arrab
    adult picturesVolleath itcher vintageFransiska nudeAdult educatioln in internatfional journal perspectiveYoung bustyy jenny c cupFree fetsih pornKathy tts
    scort reviewAmatuer homnemade porn videossAdult aging cram101 drvelopment included
    not outline textbook textbookWhyy redheads suckCollege free fre photyo piic orn pussy teenNicee hott cupp
    of shut the fjck upOrange county swinmger clubEdie comedian transvestite britishPlates off
    toom thumbKira knightley nakedCyman nude girl picturesVirgiin girl masterbatingViregin assesEcgg rhytgm stripsGayy runningAdult ariel toonsBikmini tyeensSexy busty animeWalks inn onn hem having sexHardcore
    tesns porn picXxxx japanesee womenSexx questions on hboIslam pornographyAntique vintage
    advvertising thermometerSlc nake fishFree naied ffat womanFreee
    asan creampie trailersMature marria escot berkshireAsian anal sex freeFrree nhde pictures oof celebrity nataie portmanSexxy swf filesCllub clhb playher stripPornsta nylaHott mature
    asDminated hjsband ssmall penisCum faustaCharlie chase porn starZuzana free sexx videosBreas cancer
    pink diffuserGayy mmen newr rice lakeInnfo largst penis recorded rememberFrree sailormoon hentai videosVintage barbie midgeBrittneyy shopping nudeCastro plrn starBesst deepthrokat video everSeexy femake rjver guidesFitness gallery modrel
    nudeGay politicans ukAsss graberSperm cocktzil clipsKimm kardashhian free sexx movbie
    downloadSan antonio bboy escortHotel mwids sucking
    cockMature seex asianDragon ball x sexFreee nasty fuk picHow too make a virgn orgasmParius black shemaleLayex silcone
    ruber nippleNudde native girlPublkic ggay hardcoreProfessorr tub pornTasge breastsSexy pictures off katie
    curicGrls asshole lickingLatex syntax miktexAmmy lee sexPort albeni
    nudeSex from youtubeWikii big breastCum oon toungueSwim surff
    nudeFrree underage gaay boysNaked woman with hhot rodPamela andersons cuntNaugvhty seex
    gaklery tipsThee vibraqting stripperAllice culkin leaked nudesClone-a-willy vibrating dildo kitEscoret buffalo nny jaszmin marieTeen mpeg 4 porn moviesInstant gaay chat roomsAsian news serviceMiilf blogs sensualwriterFucked by robberAdult movies feeaturing sensiMarrie couplees
    fuckingNked womVinntage ammunition boxesHenai frere flash videosLegg long sexAduylt mobile datingGiving blow jobsGoood bii yoou porn sitesNaail iin penis mississippiRule of thumb beatLayex oppera glovesTeenn suicidee photosDown’s fuckGayy malee catheter playGerman poprn model ladyy barbaraVavinal gell scentsBondage eleganceBikke lesbiansPoorn japBalterio vintage oak 467Asss harddcore pussyFully
    nude nedxt door nikki pussyFitt lesbioan sexSister masturbation videoSerena amater slutSpit myy pussyT i sucksJony lquder pornoHoldiing your breath befgore you
    orgasmOrgasms advanceed guesttbook 2.4.1Evva mendiaz sex sceneYahoo
    adult anateur galleryDryy fucking with hot assMomm and sson fuck haed coreArre nuhdist all shavedSexyy girlos tight pantsGay bear
    hhd dvd pornEscorts youmg asianTopll 28 pics teensJack sjrf gayGrannyy pussy blppw jobb moviesJennifesrs body megan foox gets nakedCunnilingus seex 2009 jelpsoft enteeprises ltdLocal
    joob sewrch for teenMasterbating stockking slutsPhobe fetishTeenn challenge rwsidential program iin floridaSuing forr sexul molestationCockk ball cagye ringDifring thumbVieeo nuyde aunt boyThawiland
    teen escort mmai chiangExtremely hairy nuee menCraiglist xxxEdging orgasmIs gandalf gayPreteren vaginas

    Comment by 2130 — October 22, 2023 @ 5:25 pm

  24. Производитель спецодежды в Москве интернет магазин спецодежды -
    купить оптом спецодежду.

    Comment by интернет магазин спецодежды — October 25, 2023 @ 7:50 am

  25. Saved as a favorite, I like your site!

    Comment by 메리트카지노 도메인 — October 30, 2023 @ 8:59 am

  26. I would like to thank you for the efforts you’ve put in writing
    this blog. I really hope to see the same high-grade content by you in the future as well.
    In truth, your creative writing abilities has inspired me to get my own site now ;)

    Comment by 라카지노 주소 — November 1, 2023 @ 5:17 am

  27. Outstanding quest there. What occurred after? Good luck!

    Comment by 카지노헤라 — November 2, 2023 @ 6:38 am

  28. Hello! I know this is somewhat off topic but I was wondering if you knew
    where I could find a captcha plugin for my comment form?
    I’m using the same blog platform as yours and I’m having trouble finding one?
    Thanks a lot!

    Comment by 로즈 카지노 — November 3, 2023 @ 6:46 pm

  29. Right away I am going to do my breakfast, once having my breakfast coming over again to read further news.

    Comment by — November 9, 2023 @ 12:18 am

  30. I enjoy what you guys are usually up too. This kind of clever
    work and coverage! Keep up the wonderful works guys
    I’ve included you guys to my own blogroll.

    Comment by homepage — December 5, 2023 @ 6:28 am

  31. We stumbled over here from a different web page and thought I might as well
    check things out. I like what I see so now i am following you.
    Look forward to looking into your web page repeatedly.

    Comment by under 18 years porno — December 5, 2023 @ 5:31 pm

RSS feed for comments on this post. TrackBack URL

Leave a comment

Copyright © MD

Powered by WordPress